American Journal of Health Research

Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014

  • Marketplace Insertion and Professional Practice of Direct-Entry Midwives in Brazil: A Descriptive Study

    Narchi Nadia Zanon, Silva Bruna Almeida

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 327-333
    Received: Oct. 08, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 16, 2014
    Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: One of the strategies that need to be adopted in Brazil is to train and insert a large number of qualified midwives into the job market in order to promote improvements in indicators related to maternal and perinatal health and the model of care. Considering the recent training of midwives and the lack of studies on their absorption int... Show More
  • Application of Simple Risk Level Estimator to Assess the Fire Risk in Trade Zone of Nyarugenge

    Theoneste Ntakirutimana, Rubuga Kitema Felix, Serge Bakire, Wilma Uhorakeye, Donat Tuyihimbaze, Osman Ngarukiyintwari

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 334-337
    Received: Sep. 30, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 11, 2014
    Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: A fire risk assessment helps in determining the chances of a fire to occur and the dangers resulted from fire outbreak. Analysing the activities undertaken within the premises; the potential harm of the fire it could cause to the people in, and around the premises is an important issue. The aim of this study was to assess the risk and consequences ... Show More
  • Male Involvement in Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV and Associated Factors Among Males in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Yohannes Abuhay, Lakew Abebe, Netsanet Fentahun

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 338-343
    Received: Oct. 04, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 16, 2014
    Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: The importance of male involvement in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission programs is incremental to maintain family health and adherence to human immunodeficiency virus treatment and prevention regimens. Globally, male involvement has been recognized as a priority focus area to be strengthened in prevention of mother-to-chil... Show More
  • Khat Chewing and Self Rated Oral Health Out Comes in Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia

    Muluken Walle

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 344-349
    Received: Sep. 26, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 18, 2014
    Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction: Khat, Catha edulis, is a plant where its fresh leaves and buds are consumed due to its stimulant ingredient, cathinone. It is found in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Yemen. Bahir Dar is a city in the north western Ethiopia where three percent of Ethiopia’s total production of khat is originated. So far there is one community based study that ha... Show More
  • Bilateral Effect of Unilateral Isokinetic Concentric Training and Russian Current Stimulation on Quadriceps Strength

    Amira Hussin Draz, Amr Almaz Abdel-aziem, Mohamed Hisham Abo Elenain

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 350-355
    Received: Aug. 13, 2014
    Accepted: Aug. 25, 2014
    Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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    Abstract: Isokinetic training and Russian current stimulation have been advertised to increase muscle strength. So, the purpose of this study was to compare between unilateral isokinetic concentric training and Russian current stimulation on the quadriceps strength of ipsilateral and contralateral limbs. Sixty healthy male subjects were randomly assigned int... Show More
  • Prevalence of Diabetes, Knowledge and Attitude of Rural Population towards Diabetes and Hypoglycaemic Event, Sudan 2013

    Siham Ahmed Balla, Haider Abu Ahmed, Mohamed Ali Awadelkareem

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 356-360
    Received: Sep. 12, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 19, 2014
    Published: Nov. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: Introduction: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rising and needs adequate knowledge for its control. Objectives: The study aim was to identify prevalence of diabetes, population`s knowledge, their attitude towards hypoglycemia event and factors associated with the level of knowledge. Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried ou... Show More
  • Predicting Patient Outcomes Via Neural Network Estimation of Discharge APACHE Scores for Traumatic Brain Injury

    Cindy Crump, Christine Tsien Silvers, Bruce Wilson, Loretta Schlachta-Fairchild, Jeffrey Scott Ashley

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 361-365
    Received: Oct. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 29, 2014
    Published: Nov. 10, 2014
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    Abstract: It is highly desirable to be able to predict the likely outcome of critical patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for traumatic brain injury (TBI). Vital signs, laboratory values, and clinical assessments from throughout a patient’s ICU stay were collected retrospectively in an IRB-approved protocol from a Level I Trauma-Military Medic... Show More
  • Health System in Bangladesh: Challenges and Opportunities

    Anwar Islam, Tuhin Biswas

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 366-374
    Received: Oct. 29, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 10, 2014
    Published: Nov. 20, 2014
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    Abstract: The health system of Bangladesh relies heavily on the government or the public sector for financing and setting overall policies and service delivery mechanisms. Although the health system is faced with many intractable challenges, it seems to receive little priority in terms of national resource allocation. According to the World Health Organizati... Show More
  • A Rare Case of a Newborn with Urinary Tract Infection by Raoutella Ornithinolytica

    Esra Akyuz Ozkan, Hashem E. Khosroshahi, Neziha Yilmaz, U. Aliye Gecit, Esra Domur

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 375-377
    Received: Nov. 08, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 12, 2014
    Published: Nov. 17, 2014
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    Abstract: Raoultella ornithinolytica is a gram negative aerobic bacillus belonging in the family Enterobacteriaceae that is a known but extremely rare pathogen which causes infections in humans. We report on a newborn with urinary tract infection caused by Raoultella ornithinolytica. The present case is the first newborn patient with urinary tract infection ... Show More
  • Boosting Maternal Health Care Seeking Behavior in Rural Low Income Communities: A Case Study of West Gojam and South Wollo Zones in Amhara, Ethiopia

    Hailom Banteyerga

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 378-386
    Received: Nov. 16, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 21, 2014
    Published: Nov. 27, 2014
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    Abstract: Taking the national scenario in maternal health care, it was taken for granted that Ethiopia would not meet the millennium development goal in the reduction of maternal death: assisted birth at a health institution for example was as low as 10% in 2011. Although, the introduction of the health extension program since has enabled the health sector t... Show More
  • The Contribution of Different Risk Factors in the Occurrence of Stroke

    Precious Barnes, Kwabena Nsiah, Faustina Mensah

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 387-391
    Received: Nov. 12, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 27, 2014
    Published: Dec. 15, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: Although stroke cause substantial morbidity and mortality, it is unclear how individuals are affected, or a group of risk factors contribute to stroke outcomes especially in developing countries. Methods: This study evaluated the risk factors of stroke. This was a cross-sectional study of stroke patients from Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospi... Show More
  • Assessment of Endoscopic Role in Management of Facial Fractures

    Mohammad Noaman Mohammad Ali, Abdel-Hay Rashad El-Assy MD, El-Hussainy El-Hussainy Shreef MD, Yasser Abd El-wahab Khalil MD, Yasser Mohmmed Al-Sheikh MD

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 392-396
    Received: Nov. 07, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 16, 2014
    Published: Dec. 17, 2014
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    Abstract: This study evaluates the usefulness of endoscopic repair in certain types of facial fractures (orbital floor, isolated zygomatic arch and isolated anterior table frontal sinus fractures).Endoscopic application in otorhinolaryngology has expanded into many areas including facial plastic surgery and facial trauma (orbital blow-out, frontal sinus, zyg... Show More
  • Changes in Serum Liver Enzymes Level after Switching from Stavudine/Lamivudine to Zidovudine/Lamivudine in NNRTIs Based Anti-Retroviral Regimens in Hawassa, Southern Ethiopia

    Demissie Assegu Fenta, Agete Tadewos Hirigo

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 397-403
    Received: Nov. 29, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 11, 2014
    Published: Dec. 18, 2014
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    Abstract: Background: During stavudine phase-out in a resource limited countries, Zidovudine or Tenofovir is used to substitute stavudine. However, data concerning any difference in liver enzymes level after therapy change (switching) in Ethiopia is very limited. Methods: This prospective cohort study was carried out from May 2013 to July 2014 at ART clinic... Show More
  • Epidemiological Report on Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)/Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Outbreak in Bihar & Planning Perspectives for Its Control

    Ragini Mishra, Ganga Kumar

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 404-410
    Received: Dec. 04, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 15, 2014
    Published: Dec. 19, 2014
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    Abstract: Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) is a major public health problem in Bihar claiming thousands of lives every year in Bihar. Initially, the disease outbreak was focused in Muzaffarpur district of Bihar but recent trend shows that disease outbreak has spread its foci in many other districts as well. AES cases were recorded from district reporting un... Show More
  • Assessment of Substance Use and Associated Factors among High School and Preparatory School Students of Ginnir Town Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia

    Ahmed Yasin Mohammed

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 414-419
    Received: Sep. 16, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 11, 2014
    Published: Dec. 22, 2014
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    Abstract: Substance use remains high among youth and young adolescent in high school and college. The use of alcohol, Khat and Tobacco by high school and college student can be harmful, leading to decrease academic performance, increase risk of contributing HIV and other sexual transmitted disease. However, the magnitude of substance use and other factor ass... Show More
  • Trends and Risks Factors Associated to Women Obesity in Cameroon and Gabon

    Hénock Blaise Nguendo Yongsi, Olivier Abondo Ngwa

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014
    Pages: 420-428
    Received: Nov. 17, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 28, 2014
    Published: Jan. 28, 2015
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    Abstract: Overweight or obesity sets in when there is a successive increase in body mass. Obesity is quantified or measured using body mass index (BMI) which is calculated using the weight and size of an individual. If the BMI is greater than or equal to 25 kg / m², a person is considered to be overweight, which is a condition associated with excessive fat. ... Show More