American Journal of Health Research

Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013

  • The Effects of Meningitis on Anterior Pituitary Functions

    Suat Zengin, Behcet Al, Mehmet Dogan, Basri Can, Mustafa Bogan, Cuma Yildirim

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 36-41
    Received: Jul. 15, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Objective: This study investigated the changes in the anterior pituitary hormones of patients who were admitted to an emergency service and diagnosed with acute meningitis. Methods: A total of 21 patients who were admitted to an emergency service between 01 January and 31 October 2012, and diagnosed with meningitis, were included. Blood samples wer... Show More
  • Perceived Barriers to Condom Use among Out-of-School Adolescents in Kumba, Southwest Region of Cameroon

    Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 42-50
    Received: Aug. 28, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Cameroon has a high concentration of out-of-school youth. Therefore research relating to out-of-school adolescents and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is imperative. This study investigated the perceived barriers to condom use among out-of-school adolescents in Kumba, Cameroon. A cross-sectional study of ... Show More
  • A Review of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Mechanisms at a Cellular Level: A Rationale for Clinical Use

    Brett Wade

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 51-55
    Received: Sep. 20, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Delivery of health care demands evidence-based practice. Evidence-based practice helps to ensure that all facets of health care delivery are subject to a higher level of accountability. This helps to assure that the patient is receiving treatment that has some proof of efficacy. In recent years, physiotherapy practice has been influenced by a swell... Show More
  • Risk Factors of Pre-Diabetes among Adult Nigerians with Essential Hypertension in a Resource-Constrained Setting of a Primary Care Clinic in Eastern Nigeria

    Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Ndubueze Richard Uchenna, Nnadozie Paul Obiegbu

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 56-64
    Received: Sep. 02, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Oct. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: Background: As the case detection of pre-diabetes(PD) increases worldwide, screening for its risk factors which overlap with those of type 2 diabetes mellitus(DM) is an important primary care challenge that is often neglected especially in under-resourced setting. Aim: This study was designed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of pre-diab... Show More
  • Prolonged Exposure to Oil and Gas Flares Ups the Risks for Hypertension

    Egwurugwu, Jude Nnabuife, Nwafor, Arthur

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 65-72
    Received: Sep. 27, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Oct. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: This study was done to assess the impacts of prolonged exposure to oil/gas flares on blood pressure measures in humans in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. The study was carried out among chronically exposed residents (475) and non-exposed individuals (315). All the subjects were matched for age, sex, occupation, education. Blood pressure was mea... Show More
  • Abdominal Obesity in Adult Nigerian Africans: Prevalence and Co-Occurrence with Cardio-Metabolic Risk Factors in a Resource Poor Setting of a Rural Hospital in Eastern Nigeria

    Gabriel Uche Pascal Iloh, Augustin Obiora Ikwudinma

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 73-80
    Received: Sep. 29, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Oct. 30, 2013
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    Abstract: Background: Abdominal obesity is socially and culturally not recognized as a health problem in Nigeria. However, the deleterious effects of abdominal obesity are on the cardio-metabolic disorders such as hypertension, dysglycaemia and dyslipidaemia. Of great concern in rural Nigeria is that most adult patients with abdominal obesity are not routin... Show More
  • New Drug Approval Probability Model in Phased Clinical Trials

    Onyiaorah, I V, Oyeka, ICA, Efobi, CC, Onyiaorah, AA, Okeh, UM

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 81-85
    Received: Sep. 30, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Nov. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Modern medicine brought with it “evidence-based practice”, which demands that a diagnostic test or treatment method or drug to be used on humans must be proven to be at least safe and efficacious; and the result from the use of such must be reliable and repeatable. These days, the need for evidence-based practice has become even more imperative. Ev... Show More
  • The Relationship between Teamwork and Empowerment to Patient Satisfaction in Orthopedic Settings: An Exploratory Study

    Paul Bruning, Timothy Baghurst

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 86-94
    Received: Oct. 27, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Nov. 20, 2013
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  • Blood Group Distribution Pattern among Adult Who Attended Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria

    Olaniyan Olugbemi, Meraiyebu Ajibola, Musa Ojone, Dare Joseph, Atsukwei Denen, Adelaiye Alexandra

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 95-98
    Received: Oct. 10, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Dec. 10, 2013
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    Abstract: Serological markers have served as important indicators for the understanding of genetic variation between and within population, providing valuable insight into the dynamics of population structure. The present study, therefore aimed at providing the percentage frequency of the ABO and Rhesus distribution pattern of adults who attended the Federal... Show More
  • Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality Trend in a Special Care baby Unit of a Tertiary Hospital in Yola: the Need to Educate Health Workers and Mothers on Quality Neonatal Health Practices

    Baba Usman Ahmadu, Hamman Isah Babba, Joda Aisha Abdallah, Abraham Musa Tizhe, Akor Ogecha, Pius Sunday, Yakubu Hyeladi Francis, Gamdu Jesini

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013
    Pages: 99-103
    Received: Aug. 11, 2013
    Accepted:
    Published: Dec. 20, 2013
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    Abstract: Background: Neonatal morbidities like neonatal sepsis (NNS), prematurity and perinatal asphyxia constitutes the major causes of neonatal mortality worldwide, even though, there may be slight intra and inter country variations. Objective: The main objectives of our study were twofold: 1) To determine the morbidity and mortality pattern of neonates a... Show More