American Journal of Health Research

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Dietary Diversity Practice and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Mothers in Sebeta Awas District, Oromiya Special Zone Surrounding Finfine, Oromia, Central Ethiopia, 2022

Background: Dietary diversity is defined as the consumption of a variety of food types throughout a time period that has been regarded as an indicator of nutritional sufficiency and has been accepted as a feature of dietary quality. However, there is limited information on the prevalence dietary diversity practice and associated factors among pregnant in low- income countries like Ethiopia including study area. Objective: - To assess the prevalence of dietary diversity practice and associated factors among pregnant mothers in Sebeta Awas district, Oromia Special Zone Surrounding Finfine, Oromiya, and Central Ethiopia, 2022. Methods: - Institutional based quantitative cross sectional study design was used among random sample of 639 pregnant mothers living in four selected health centers of Sebeta Awas District. Study participants were recruited by every forth interval. Data was collected using a pre-tested - structured interviewer administered questionnaires after obtaining consent from study participants. Multivariate logistic regression model to control for all possible cofounders were used to analyze the data. Odds ratios along with 95% confidence intervals was estimated to measure the strength of the association between independent variables and outcome variable. Level of statistical significance was declared at p value less than or equal to 0.05. Result: About 269 (42.1%) [95% CI=38.5-46.2] of pregnant women had good dietary diversity practice. Being married (AOR=3.44; 95%CI: 1.47, 8.05), being college and above (AOR=0.44; 95%CI: 0.21, 0.8), monthly income greater than 5,000 ETB, starting ANC visit at 1st trimester (AOR=0.43; 95%CI: 0.19, 0.99), were the predictor variable for good ditry diverse practice. Conclusion: This finding shows that the majority of study participants consumed below the minimum dietary diversity. Marriage, education, occupation of husband, household head, level of income, time of ANC started, had a positive significant with pregnant mothers’ dietary diversity.

ANC, Dietary Diverse Practice, Pregnant Women, Sebeta Awas District

APA Style

Wolde Bikila, K., Tadesse Berhe, T., Woldeyohannes Tedla, G., Tadesse Sahile, A. (2023). Dietary Diversity Practice and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Mothers in Sebeta Awas District, Oromiya Special Zone Surrounding Finfine, Oromia, Central Ethiopia, 2022. American Journal of Health Research, 11(5), 140-148. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajhr.20231105.12

ACS Style

Wolde Bikila, K.; Tadesse Berhe, T.; Woldeyohannes Tedla, G.; Tadesse Sahile, A. Dietary Diversity Practice and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Mothers in Sebeta Awas District, Oromiya Special Zone Surrounding Finfine, Oromia, Central Ethiopia, 2022. Am. J. Health Res. 2023, 11(5), 140-148. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20231105.12

AMA Style

Wolde Bikila K, Tadesse Berhe T, Woldeyohannes Tedla G, Tadesse Sahile A. Dietary Diversity Practice and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Mothers in Sebeta Awas District, Oromiya Special Zone Surrounding Finfine, Oromia, Central Ethiopia, 2022. Am J Health Res. 2023;11(5):140-148. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20231105.12

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Aliwo, S., et al., Dietary diversity practice and associated factors among pregnant women in North East Ethiopia. BMC research notes, 2019. 12 (1): p. 1-6.
2. Shenka, A., et al., Dietary diversity and nutritional status of pregnant women attending public hospitals in dire dawa city administration, eastern Ethiopia. East African Journal of Health and Biomedical Sciences, 2018. 2 (1): p. 10-17.
3. Nguyen, P. H., et al., Dietary diversity predicts the adequacy of micronutrient intake in pregnant adolescent girls and women in Bangladesh, but use of the 5-group cutoff poorly identifies individuals with inadequate intake. The Journal of nutrition, 2018. 148 (5): p. 790-797.
4. Saaka, M., et al., Dietary diversity is not associated with haematological status of pregnant women resident in rural areas of northern Ghana. Journal of nutrition and metabolism, 2017. 2017.
5. Demilew, Y. M., G. D. Alene, and T. Belachew, Dietary practices and associated factors among pregnant women in West Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2020. 20 (1): p. 1-11.
6. Tilahun, A. G. and A. M. Kebede, Maternal minimum dietary diversity and associated factors among pregnant women, Southwest Ethiopia, 2021. BMC nutrition, 2021. 7 (1): p. 1-10.
7. Nigatu, M., T. T. Gebrehiwot, and D. H. Gemeda, Household food insecurity, low dietary diversity, and early marriage were predictors for Undernutrition among pregnant women residing in Gambella, Ethiopia. Advances in Public Health, 2018. 2018.
8. Walters, C., P. Bendulo, and B. Stoecker, Assessment of dietary diversity, antenatal care, food taboos, meal frequency, and nutritional status of pregnant adolescents in rural Malawi: A cross-sectional study. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 2019. 19 (3): p. 14555-14570.
9. Jemal, K. and M. Awol, Minimum dietary diversity score and associated factors among pregnant women at Alamata General Hospital, Raya Azebo Zone, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Journal of nutrition and metabolism, 2019. 2019.
10. Abute, L., et al., Dietary Practice and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in Misha Woreda, South Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism, 2020. 2020.
11. Alemayehu, M. S. and E. M. Tesema, Dietary practice and associated factors among pregnant women in Gondar town north west, Ethiopia, 2014. Int J Nutr Food Sci, 2015. 4 (6): p. 707-12.
12. Yeneabat, T., et al., Maternal dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy during pregnancy and related factors in East Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia, 2016. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 2019. 19 (1): p. 1-9.
13. Wondmeneh, T. G., Dietary Diversity Practice and its Influencing Factors Among Pregnant Women in Afar Region of Ethiopia: A Cross-sectional Study Design Supplemented by Qualitative Study. 2021.
14. Mulugeta, Y., G. D. Alem, and T. Belachew, Dietary practices and associated factors among pregnant women in West Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia. 2019.
15. Diddana, T. Z., Factors associated with dietary practice and nutritional status of pregnant women in Dessie town, northeastern Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 2019. 19 (1): p. 1-10.
16. Delil, R., D. Tamiru, and B. Zinab, Dietary diversity and its association with anemia among pregnant women attending public health facilities in south Ethiopia. Ethiopian journal of health sciences, 2018. 28 (5).
17. Delil, R., et al., Determinants of dietary diversity practice among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at Wachemo University Nigist Eleni Mohammed memorial referral hospital, Southern Ethiopia. PloS one, 2021. 16 (4): p. e0250037.
18. Hailu, S. and B. Woldemichael, Dietary diversity and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care at public health facilities in Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia. Nutrition and Dietary Supplements, 2019. 11: p. 1.
19. Mirsanjari, M., et al., Does nutritional knowledge have relationship with healthy dietary attitude and practices during pregnancy. ICNFS, 2012. 39: p. 159-163.
20. Tefera, W., T. W. Brhanie, and M. Dereje, Dietary diversity practice and associated factors among pregnant women attending ANC in Kolfe Keranyo sub city health centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. medRxiv, 2020.
21. Argaw, D., R. H. Kabthymer, and M. Birhane, Magnitude of anemia and its associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care in Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Blood Medicine, 2020. 11: p. 335.
22. Quansah, D. Y. and D. Boateng, Maternal dietary diversity and pattern during pregnancy is associated with low infant birth weight in the Cape Coast metropolitan hospital, Ghana: A hospital based cross-sectional study. Heliyon, 2020. 6 (5): p. e03923.
23. Shiferaw, A. and G. Husein, Acute under nutrition and associated factors among pregnant women in Gumay District, Jimma Zone, South West Ethiopia. J Women’s Health Care, 2019. 8 (459): p. 2167-0420.1000459.